Conceptual art (Conceptualism) is an art movement, in which the concepts or ideas hidden in works are placed above the traditional issues of aesthetics or materials or shaping.
The person who first introduced the complete concept of conceptual art, American artist Sol LeWitt, summarized the aspects that make up conceptual art as follows. In Conceptual Art, idea of concept is the most important aspect of the work. An artist using conceptual art means that then for him the planning and all decisions for that work must be done in advance. And the implementation of the work is only a secondary matter only. The idea is to be an art-making machine.
Not about form or material but about ideas and meanings, conceptual art is essentially a way of questioning what art is. The root of the trend of the art of concept lies in that artists reject the concept of Art as Object to focus on the processality of their work. From there, the conceptual artists sought a way to explain the new structure of visual arts: through the introduction of alternative temporal, theatrical and linguistic properties for spatial and visual properties. , which is the only core of visual arts ever.
The concept of the work is more important than the material realization of the work. Therefore, the work is not necessarily perfect, the author does not have to trim, take pictures or draw by himself, but someone else can do it for him. Conceptual art is ultimately for artists to discover for themselves. It turns its back on aesthetics and all artistic disciplines. One can use language, mathematics, semiotics, philosophy, sociology, sometimes performing a particular action.
This is not at all an art form used to illustrate theory, on the contrary, it is full of intuition and captures all kinds of intellectual processes to heart. It often frees itself from reliance on the artist’s craft skills as an artist. With conceptual art, the main purpose of an artist is to create intellectual interest to the public. Therefore, he always tries to give his works an emotionally arid atmosphere.